Linux and Open Source Operating Systems
Listed alphabetically with a short description and link to the appropriate website.
Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel. Debian comes with over 8000 packages (precompiled software) – all of it free. LINK
FreeBSD is a UN*X-like operating system for the i386, IA-64, PC-98, Alpha/AXP, and UltraSPARC platforms based on U.C. Berkeley’s “4.4BSD-Lite” release, with some “4.4BSD-Lite2” enhancements. FreeBSD is used by companies, Internet Service Providers, researchers, computer professionals, students and home users all over the world in their work, education and recreation. LINK
Gentoo Linux is a versatile and fast, completely free Linux distribution geared towards developers and network professionals. Unlike other distros, Gentoo Linux has an advanced package management system called Portage. LINK
Knoppix is a bootable CD with a collection of GNU/Linux software, automatic hardware detection, and support for many graphics cards, sound cards, SCSI and USB devices and other peripherals. Knoppix can be used as a Linux demo, educational CD, rescue system, or adapted and used as a platform for commercial software product demos. It is not necessary to install anything on a hard disk. LINK
Mandriva Linux (formerly Mandrake Linux) was created in 1998 with the goal of making Linux easier to use for everyone. LINK
MEPIS Linux is a desktop Linux system that is also easy to configure as a dedicated server. It is designed for both personal and business purposes. It includes cutting-edge features such as a live/installation/recovery CD, automatic hardware configuration, NTFS partition resizing, ACPI power management, WiFi support, anti-aliased TrueType fonts, a personal firewall, KDE, and much more. LINK
Slackware Linux is an advanced Linux operating system, designed with the twin goals of ease of use and stability as top priorities. Including the latest popular software while retaining a sense of tradition, providing simplicity and ease of use alongside flexibility and power, Slackware brings the best of all worlds to the table. Originally developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991. LINK
The Fedora Project is an openly-developed project designed by Red Hat, open for general participation. The goal of The Fedora Project is to work with the Linux community to build a complete, general purpose operating system exclusively from open source software. LINK
The openSUSE project is a community program sponsored by Novell. Promoting the use of Linux everywhere, this program provides free, easy access to openSUSE, a complete Linux distribution. LINK
Ubuntu – “The world’s most popular free OS” – is a complete desktop Linux operating system, freely available with both community and professional support. LINK
Xandros has created a desktop solution that combines the best of open source technologies with a corporate attention to completeness, usability, and support. Version 1 of the Desktop product was based on the award winning Corel LINUX OS and represents the next step in the evolution of the Corel desktop.
By October, 2013, Xandros’ URL is unresponsive and DistroWatch lists Xandros as discontinued.